Approved by Common Conference of APPU , 22.12.2017.

THE AIMS OF APPU

APPU aims to promote the protection of animals, to prevent cruelty to animals, and to relieve animal suffering in Azerbaijan Republic.

APPU aims to promote humane education programmers to encourage for animals and responsible stewardship, and laws and enforcement structures to provide legal protection for animals.

Definition

The term "Animal" includes all sentient creatures.

The term "Suffering" includes stress, fear, pain, discomfort, injury, disease and behavioral distress.

The term "Mutilation" includes any procedure carried out with or without instruments which involves interference with the sensitive tissue or bone structure of an animal.

GENERAL PRINCIPLES

The ethical basis

The ethical basis for APPU's policies is that it looks beyond the conservation of a species to the welfare of individual animals. It is APPU's belief that each individual has an intrinsic value, and should be respected and protected.

Animals have biologically determined instincts, interests and natures, and can experience pain. Thus APPU believes that animals have the right to live their lives free from avoidable suffering at the hands of humans, rather than be used simply as 'raw materials' for the benefit of mankind. Indeed, APPU believes that it is the duty of humans to provide for the welfare of other species.

APPU believes that all animals kept by, or under the control of, humans must be kept in circumstances appropriate to their species. Further, where the physiological and behavioral needs of a species cannot be met, the species must not be kept by man.

APPU believes that where the welfare of an animal under human control is in question, then the animal must be given the benefit of any doubt. Furthermore, the different purposes for which animals are used must be regularly re-evaluated.

SUBJECT SPECIFIC POLICIES

1. Farm Animals

a. APPU advocates that methods used at all stages of farm animal husbandry must be developed so as to preclude avoidable suffering.

b. Farmed animals must be provided with shelter, exercise, food, water and care in a manner appropriate to their physiological and behavioral needs. APPU is opposed to any methods of husbandry which do not fulfill these criteria.

c. APPU is also opposed to farming practices, such as plucking of down from live ducks and geese and force feeding of ducks and geese for "foie gras", which by their nature cause suffering.

d. APPU is in principle opposed to mutilations which are carried out for non-therapeutic reasons, especially those carried out in an attempt to 'adapt' animals to an inappropriate husbandry system; in such cases it is the system which should be modified, not the animal.

e. APPU advocates that food animals should be slaughtered as close to the point of production as possible.

f. Transport by sea for food animals destined for slaughter should be forbidden except where it is necessary to reach the nearest slaughterhouse.

g. No animal which is ill or unfit should be allowed to travel. In addition, proper selection of stock must take place to remove ill or unfit animals. Selected stock should be prepared to help withstand the rigors of transport, and the vehicle or vessel should be specifically designed for carriage of the particular species involved.

h. All drivers of livestock vehicles should be trained both in necessary driving techniques and the general care of the animals in their charge. They should have their licences endorsed with the species of animals they have been trained to transport.

i. All vehicles used to transport animals long distance should have the following facilities:

• Forced/mechanical ventilation

• Continuous monitoring of temperature and humidity in livestock compartments and results displayed in the driver's cabin

• Adequate partitioning of stock by age, sex and species

• Ready access to all animals

• Protection from the elements

j. Animals must be provided with sufficient food, water and rest before, during and after the journey, according to their biological needs.

k. Detailed specifications and regulations for livestock vessels/vehicles transporting animals by rail, road and sea, should be laid down, and rigorously enforced by the competent authority. l. All air transport of animals should follow IATA regulations.

m. Not withstanding the above points, it should be our declared aim and public demand to have all long distance transportation of animals for slaughter replaced by carcass only trade.

n. APPU advocates that every animal for slaughter must be instantaneously killed, or be rendered instantaneously unconscious and insensible to pain until death supervenes. APPU opposes the shackling and hoisting of conscious animals.

o. APPU believes that the welfare of individual fish must be provided for in fish farming, with particular attention paid to factors such as stocking density, water quality and direction of flow. APPU opposes the commercial practice of allowing anglers into fish farms to play the fish and then to throw them back. The handling, transport and slaughter of fish must comply with general humane principles.

2. Working Animals

APPU believes that working animals must be treated with consideration and must be given adequate shelter, care, food and water. Any condition which may impair their welfare must be treated promptly, and if necessary they must not be worked again until they are fit. They must not be overworked or overloaded, nor must they be forced to work through ill-treatment.

3.Companion animals

a. APPU approves of the keeping of companion animals only when there is full personal commitment to the welfare of the animals. The animals must always be provided with shelter, exercise, care, food and water appropriate to their physiological and behavioral needs.

b. The regulations governing companion animals must include the licensing and control of breeders to ensure humane breeding and rearing conditions. There must also be compulsory registration and identification of dogs (and any other animals needing similar control according to local conditions).

c. APPU is opposed in principle to all mutilations on companion animals carried out for non-therapeutic reasons. It also condemns selective breeding, in a search for certain external features, which affects the health and welfare of the animals.

d. However, APPU believes that the de-sexing of cats and dogs by a veterinarian represents a vital component of population control measures and advocates the de-sexing of domestic cats and dogs as early as possible, unless there are veterinary or other valid reasons to the contrary.

e. APPU reluctantly accepts that the humane destruction of healthy animals may sometimes be unavoidable. APPU therefore advocates that these animals be killed by a method which has been determined to be both painless and effective and which is administered by responsible and properly trained individuals.

4. Laboratory animals

a. APPU is opposed to all experiments or procedures which cause suffering to animals. It is important that, as long as animals continue to be used, every possible effort is made to prevent suffering. In this regard, consideration should extend beyond the use of anesthesia, or other forms of analgesia, to aspects such as fear, stress, hunger and other avoidable suffering.

b. APPU is opposed to all experiments on animals which involve unnecessary repetition, which involve techniques for which satisfactory and humane alternatives have already been developed, which are for scientifically trivial ends or which are for testing substances not essential to the health or welfare of animals or humans (such as cosmetics).

c. APPU supports the development and adoption of techniques and procedures that will result in the replacement, reduction or refinement of animal experimentation. APPU regards as an advance any technique which will reduce suffering, reduce the numbers of animals used or, preferably, replace the use of live animals completely.

d. APPU is opposed to the taking of animals from the wild for use in research. APPU considers that where animals are still used in research, they must be obtained only from specialist breeding establishments.

e. APPU considers that laboratory animals, including those in breeding establishments, must be housed and provided with shelter, care, food and water in a manner appropriate to their physiological and behavioral needs. A nominated member of the laboratory staff, preferably a veterinarian, must have full responsibility for their welfare at all times.

f. APPU advocates that all persons employed to care for or use laboratory animals must be apprised of the ethical considerations relating to the use of animals and be fully trained in the necessary skills appropriate to the needs of the animals.

g. APPU advocates that all institutions using animals for research have an Animal Experimentation Ethics Committee to scrutinise and either approve or reject project applications. The members of this committee must include animal welfare representatives.

5. Genetic manipulation and genetic engineering

a. APPU opposes all forms of genetic manipulation, whether by breeding or genetic engineering, that result in abnormalities, excessive developments of certain bodily features, a reduction in animal health or welfare, or are for trivial or cosmetic purposes.

b. Animals resulting from such manipulative practices should not be released onto farms or into the environment until several generations have been evaluated to ensure that no harmful side effects arise.

c. APPUis opposed to the patenting of animals.

6. Wild Animals

a. APPU is in principle opposed to the taking or killing of wild animals or the infliction of suffering upon them. This includes taking and killing of wild animals for the purpose of sport.

b. APPU is absolutely opposed to taking and killing wild animals for purposes not essential to humans or the welfare of the animals, particularly when they do not pose a threat to the safety and security of humans.

c. In circumstances where it is deemed necessary to control wild or stray animal populations, or animals considered to be pests, then APPU urges that this be achieved without the infliction of avoidable suffering. APPU considers that an effective method should be employed to avoid the need continually to remove or kill animals. Fertility control or other non-lethal methods should be used whenever possible, rather than 'catch and kill' systems.

d. APPU is opposed to the use, confinement, exhibition or performance of animals for commercial gain and/or human entertainment.

e. APPU has serious reservations about the educational value of many existing zoological collections, and therefore does not consider that claims for the 'educational value' of many animal exhibits can be justified.

f. APPU believes that animals should not be kept in zoological collections unless they form part of a valid conservation programme, the objective of which is the eventual rehabilitation and release into the wild, and the animals can be kept in a semi-natural' environment which meets their physiological and behavioral needs.

g. Where the taking and/or keeping of wild animals is still permitted, APPU believes that this should be strictly limited under license, and controlled at the highest possible humane level.

7. Animals used in sport or entertainment

a. APPU opposes the use of animals in sport or for entertainment when such use is contrary to the animals' nature, or may involve suffering or adversely affect the animals' welfare.

b. APPU opposes any 'sports' that involve pitting animals or humans against animals.

c. APPU is totally opposed to exhibitions or presentations of wild animals in circuses and traveling menageries.

d. APPU believes that wherever they are used in the making of films or television programmers or in the theatre, animals must not be caused any suffering, nor be portrayed in a manner demeaning to their species.

e. APPU is opposed to the giving of live animals as prizes.

8. Marine Mammals

APPU opposes, on both ethical and humane grounds, the harassment, capture or killing of marine mammals for commercial and sport purposes.

9. Fur and Trapping

a. APPU is opposed to the taking from the wild of animals for their fur or skins, and to the farming of animals for the same purpose. It considers it morally indefensible to subject animals to suffering and death for fur or skin products, which are non-essential luxury goods.

b. APPU is opposed to the manufacture, sale, possession and use of any snares and traps which cause suffering or death.

10. Conservation

a. APPU is concerned about the balance of nature and deplores environmental changes which are directly or indirectly attributable to man's activities and are likely to disturb this balance without compensatory safeguards. APPU therefore seeks to ensure that the welfare of all living things is actively considered in connection with such activities.

b. APPU recognizes that the dealing in, and smuggling of, animals or animal products causes both individual suffering and a direct pressure on species survival and is therefore opposed to any such practices which could pose a threat to the welfare of any animal or the survival of any species.

11. Human resources policy

All positions, including staff of projects, staff for inspection and other services teams, staff for long-term and short-term activities are appointed among active members of APPU with the approval of the board meeting.

12. Procurement policy

All contracts for procurement of goods and services with the total value exceeding AZN 10.000 shall be awarded on the basis of open tenders of at least three proposals with the price and quality of goods and services to be evaluated by the internal evaluation committee. The contract winner is elected among the shortlisted proposal. Contract awarded to successful applicants shall be approved by board meeting.

The quality of the goods and services delivered on the basis of contracts awarded as a result of open tenders shall be evaluated by the internal evaluation committee.